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Author Topic: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0  (Read 7823 times)

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Deso

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LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« on: September 13, 2012, 09:56:54 am »
(I decided to release what I have made so far, so you don't have to wait any further)

>>>LaS3r’s English writing guide<<<



Greetings fellow VU members (and outsiders). The number of recruited members in VU has increased a lot. That brings its pros, but it also brings its cons. One of the cons is that some players don’t know how to speak English properly. This pisses me off a little. So instead of being a grammar-nazi, I made this guide. Btw, the development of v1.0 started from 8th of August to 13th the September (mostly because of lazyness :P) so I hope it’s worth the time.

I have studied in a language high-school (our priority is learning languages) this year (and it’s the first year) and our main studying was English (my primary language is English which I studied this year and my secondary language is Spanish which I’m going to study next year). This means that I know MOST of the grammar rules, word-spelling and other stuff.

Before I start, I want to let some of you know that if I make a mistake in my guide you are free to correct me (as long as you are sure about what you’re going to say). Also, if some of you want to add something to the tutorial just post it and if it’s suitable for the tutorial, I’ll add it. So without further ado, let’s start.

================================================================

CONTENT OF THIS MEGA-LONG TOPIC:
1. Basic stuff
2. Tenses
   -Present Simple
   -Present Continuous
   -Past Simple
   -Past Simple Continuous


================================================================

1) Basic stuff
Here are some basic stuff. No particular order or category. Just stuff that pop out from my mind. Btw, you may come across with these further in the guide too:

   -The pronoun “I” is always written with a capital “I”
Example: Correct – “I am busy”, Incorrect – “i am busy”

   -The pronoun “You” can be used for singular and plural (singular = one thing, plural = multiple things).
Example: Singular - “Dude, you were amazing!”, Plural – “Guys, you were amazing!”

   -After “did”, you don’t put an “-ed” as a suffix. Example:
Correct - “Did he clean the car?”
Incorrect – “Did he cleaned the car?”

   -After “does”, you don’t put the letter “s” as a suffix. Example:
Correct – “He doesn’t own this car.”
Incorrect – “He doesn’t owns this car.”

   -<Let’s> and <Lets>
Let’s = Let + us (instead of typing “Let us”, you can just combine the two words into one by using an “apostrophe” ( ‘ ) – “Let’s”).
Lets = the present simple form of the verb “let”.
Example:  Correct - “Let’s duel”, Incorrect – “Lets duel”
“Lets duel” would mean something like… someone is letting me duel.
Here’s an example with <Lets>:
Correct - “He lets me use his car”, Incorrect – “He let’s me use his car”
If you turn <let’s> into its full form, the sentence would look like this:
“He let us me use his car” which makes no sense, lol.

   -Instead of typing <I am>, you can combine the two words (again – with an apostrophe) – <I’m>. Example – “I am playing” and “I’m playing” are both the same.

   -<You’re> and <Your>
You’re = You + are (combining the two words)
Your = Your gun (for example). It’s his gun, not mine.
Example: Correct – “You’re amazing”, Incorrect – “Your amazing”
Example2: Correct – “Your bag is missing”, Incorrect – “You’re bag is missing”
If you turn <You’re> into its full form, the sentence would look like this:
“You are bag is missing” which once again – It doesn’t make any sense.
TIP: If you want to avoid such mistakes, always transform these types of words (You’re, He’s) into their full form (You are, He is) in your mind.

   -<He’s> and <His>
He’s = He + is
His = his book (the book is not mine, it’s his book)
Example: Correct – “He’s awesome”, Incorrect – “His awesome”
Once again, if you want to avoid mistakes like this, transform these words into their full forms in your mind.

   -<It’s> and <Its>
It’s = It + is
Its = Just like <His>, but for the pronoun “It”
Example: Correct – “It’s a monster!” Incorrect – “Its a monster!”
Example2: “Its legs are hairy!”
NOTE:  <He> refers to males, <She> refers to females and <It> refers to animals and items (mostly anything that isn’t human).



================================================================

2) Tenses

-Present Simple
Present Simple is used to describe that something usually/regularly happens. For example:
“I always put cheese on my fries”, or “He usually drives to work at 7:00 AM”. Noticed how I put the letter “s” after the verb “drive”? There are so called “forms” of the verb in tenses. Here are the Present Simple’s Affirmative, Negative and Interrogative forms:

Affirmative:                       
I eat cheese           
You eat cheese
He eats cheese
She eats cheese
It eats cheese
We eat cheese
You eat cheese
They eat cheese

Negative:
I don’t eat cheese
You don’t eat cheese
He doesn’t eat cheese
She doesn’t eat cheese
It doesn’t eat cheese
We don’t eat cheese
You don’t eat cheese
They don’t eat cheese

Interrogative:
Do I eat cheese?
Do you eat cheese?
Does he eat cheese?
Does she eat cheese?
Does it eat cheese?
Do we eat cheese?
Do you eat cheese?
Do they eat cheese?

NOTE: Noticed how in the Affirmative, the verbs after the pronouns He/She/It end up with the letter “s” (“eats”, instead of “eat”) but the rest of the verbs don’t end up with a “s”? Also, noticed how in the Negative and Interrogative it is “doesn’t” and “does”, but the rest is “don’t” and “do”? Yeah, that’s how sh*t works here. lol



-Present Continuous
This tense is used to tell that something is happening now, at the moment. For example: “Charley is working now”, or “VU are fighting the TZ at the moment”. Noticed how in this tense, there is the “-ing” thingy (that thingy is called a form, in this case: the -ing form) after the verb (work-ing, fight-ing)? In every continuous tense, the infinitive verb (infinitive verb = the normal verb, without any shit after it like “s” or “-ing” or “-ed”) ends with an “ing”. Ok, here are the forms of the pronouns:

Affirmative:
I am working
You are working
He is working
She is working
It is working
We are working
You are working
They are working

Negative:
I am not working
You are not working
He/She/It is not working
We are not working
You are not working
They are not working

Interrogative:
Am I working?
Are you working?
Is he/she/it working?
Are we working?
Are you working?
Are they working?



-Past Simple
Past Simple is used to describe that something happened in the past. Example:
“I washed the car”, “He knocked on the door” or “The dog ate the steak”. Notice how the first two sentences’ verbs (wash, knock) end up with “-ed” but the third sentence’s verb is “ate” instead of “eated”. Well first of all, there is no such thing as “eated”. It’s “ate”. There are some verbs (called “regular” verbs) that end up with “-ed” if they are used in the past, but there are some verbs (called “irregular” verbs) that don’t end with “-ed”. They get transformed a little. Some regular verbs:
Wash => washed, knock => knocked, kick => kicked
And here is a table of SOME irregular verbs:

Infinitive              Past Simple          Past Participle
Throw                 Threw                    Thrown
Sell                     Sold                       Sold
Swim                  Swam                    Swum
Grow                  Grew                      Grown
Break                 Broke                     Broken

…and many, many more. There are lots of irregular verbs that you just have to check for yourself.

And here are the forms of the pronouns:

Affirmative
I kicked the ball
You kicked the ball
He/She/It kicked the ball
We kicked the ball
You kicked the ball
They kicked the ball

Negative:
I didn’t kick the ball (notice how there is no “-ed” after “didn’t”)
You didn’t kick the ball
He/She/It didn’t kick the ball
We didn’t kick the ball
You didn’t kick the ball
They didn’t kick the ball

Interrogative:
Did I kick the ball?
Did you kick the ball?
Did he/she/it kick the ball?
Did we kick the ball?
Did you kick the ball?
Did they kick the ball?



-Past Simple Continuous
This tense is used to describe that something happened in the pass, at a certain time. In this tense, you must use “was” or “were” (depends on which pronouns you use). This tense is a continuous one, which means the verb must end with the suffix “-ing”. Example: “I was cleaning the house yesterday”, “They were playing VC-MP 2 hours ago”, “He was driving a car a few minutes ago”. Forms of the pronouns:

Affirmative:
I was writing
You were writing
He/She/It was writing
We were writing
You were writing
They were writing

Negative:
I wasn’t writing (or was not)
You weren’t writing (or were not)   
He/She/It wasn’t writing
We weren’t writing
You weren’t writing
They weren’t writing

Interrogative:
Was I writing?
Were you writing?
Was he/she/it writing?
Were we writing?
Were you writing?
Were they writing?

==============================================================================


>I'll keep developing this guide.
>Current version is 1.0
>Text in Green means that a newer content has been added to this guide.
« Last Edit: September 13, 2012, 10:19:06 am by LaS3r »
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Thijn

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #1 on: September 13, 2012, 10:00:01 am »
Nice work so far. I'm sure it will help some people out there.
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Skirmant

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #2 on: September 13, 2012, 01:33:17 pm »
Looking good. Will there be a topic about punctuation?
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ferrari32

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #3 on: September 13, 2012, 02:39:52 pm »
Most of the things that annoy me when listening to ''Engrish'' players is corrected here. Nice work :P
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Deso

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #4 on: September 13, 2012, 02:59:28 pm »
Looking good. Will there be a topic about punctuation?

Hmm, dunno. Maybe one - two things will be added in the basics, but that's it.
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Nadeem

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #5 on: September 13, 2012, 03:15:17 pm »
Nice For starting!! :thumbsup:

ferrari32

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #6 on: September 13, 2012, 03:22:26 pm »
gud wrk frend i liek lets go plays.
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7echn0

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #7 on: September 13, 2012, 05:08:54 pm »
dis kol lok bru good werk  :thumbsup: :thumbsup:
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Lazee

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #8 on: September 13, 2012, 05:30:41 pm »
ya mens dis es wel wark  :thumbsup: :thumbsup: :thumbsup:
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Deso

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #9 on: September 13, 2012, 06:02:28 pm »
lol
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Sora_Blue

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #10 on: September 13, 2012, 08:13:09 pm »
Nice job maybe this should be stickied :P
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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #11 on: September 14, 2012, 06:45:19 am »
Nice job maybe this should be stickied :P
It is, lol. And it was when it got posted :P
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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #12 on: September 14, 2012, 06:07:11 pm »
Nice job maybe this should be stickied :P
It is, lol. And it was when it got posted :P
I'm probably blind.
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Quote from: Tical
All I know is you're a polack glitcher. Why are you pretending to be not a polack glitcher? Admin probably saw marcell the polack glitcher fucking around with RPG at close range, he did the right thing and banned you before you could polack glitch. Not actually being a polack glitcher could probably help

Deso

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #13 on: September 14, 2012, 06:53:39 pm »
Nice job maybe this should be stickied :P
It is, lol. And it was when it got posted :P
I'm probably blind.

Hmm...

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Charley

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Re: LaS3r’s English writing guide v1.0
« Reply #14 on: September 20, 2012, 08:48:39 am »
Nice one
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